Sanitation Change Makers

By Shyama Ramani and Friend in Need

In light of degrading sanitation systems and persisting reluctance to use ecological toilets, Dr. Ramani attempts to achieve an unprecedented change in social norms…

At first

Following the tsunami of 2004, 700 ecological and conventional toilets were constructed in Kameshwaram. By 2009, about 1/3 of these toilets were abandoned due to faulty construction or overflow – leading to enormous problems for women.


Currently there are 200 toilets in need of serious repair but there is no agency to undertake them, condemning these villagers to practice open defecation.


"Sanitation Change Makers" aims to revive the use of toilets by providing employment opportunities for locals to repair toilets and initiate waste management.

Our team

  • Shyama Ramani

    Shyama Ramani

    Dr. Shyama V. Ramani is Professor at Brunel University and the United Nations University at Maastricht. What started as a one-shot post-tsunami charity drive has evolved into a life time adventure – to eliminate open defecation in at least one village in India by creating an agency with locals as a social business. To do so, she is trying to motivate and build capabilities in a local team to overcome the social stigmas associated with toilets and in the process bring about change.

Total: 5 590€ raised

  • 30€/month Office maintenance, communication
  • 30€/month Volunteer students' expenses
  • 40€/month Hiring of temporary workers in India
  • 100€/month Salaries of employees of FIN-SWAM
  • 100€/month Materials to repair toilets (e.g. roof, bricks, cement)
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This project is also available in: French

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